Dorothy Bishop is based at the Department of Experimental Psychology at the University of Oxford, where she heads an ERC-funded programme of research into cerebral lateralisation for language. She has honorary degrees from the University of Lund, the University of Western Australia, the University of Newcastle upon Tyne and the University of Liège.
Her main research interests are in the nature and causes of developmental language difficulties, with a particular focus on psycholinguistics, neurobiology and genetics. In addition, she has been an advocate for higher standards of methods and transparency in research, and is a founder member of Reproducible Research Oxford.
Her book Uncommon Understanding won the British Psychological Society's annual award in 1999, and she has published widely on children's language disorders.